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2016年職稱英語考試備考易混淆詞匯總結


時間:2016-08-09 來源:金融英語考試網 瀏覽次數:255  【華夏培訓網:中國教育培訓第一門戶

 consist表一個整體由幾個部分組成(只能用主動語態)。如:The United Kingdom consists of Great Britain and Northern Island.(聯合王國是由大不列顛及北愛爾蘭組 成。)

 1.childish, childlike
childish幼稚的。如:It was very childish of him to lose his temper over something so unimportant.
childlike孩子般天真的。如:When she won the gold medal, there was childlike smile on her face.
2.choose, pick, select, elect
choose是一常用詞,表一般的"選擇"。
pick通常用于不需要認真權衡,對比就能做出決定。
select側重"在同類的許多東西中,進行有斟酌的精選"。
elect指選舉或用其他方法推選人。
3.cloth, clothing
cloth布。如:I need three yards of cloth to make a suit.
clothing衣服(總稱)。如:You'd better give all the old clothing away.
4.complex, complicated
均可表"復雜"。
complex為常用詞。
complicated為正式用詞,表由于組成部分太多,相互關系太復雜而不能理解,語氣很強。
5.compose, consist, constitute
compose為常用詞,常用被動語態,如用主動語態,主語應用復數形式。如:Twelve men compose a jury.(十二人組成陪審團。)
consist表一個整體由幾個部分組成(只能用主動語態)。如:The United Kingdom consists of Great Britain and Northern Island.(聯合王國是由大不列顛及北愛爾蘭組 成。)
constitute為正式用詞,與consist相反,表由哪些部分構成整體。如:Twelve months constitute a year.(一年有十二個月。)
6.bloom, blossom
bloom多指供觀賞植物的開花。如:The roses are blooming.
blossom多指果樹等植物的開花。如:The apple trees are blossoming.
7.borrow, lend
borrow借入。如:Can I borrow your pen for a moment?
lend把……借給。如:Can you lend me your bike?
8.bring, take
bring帶來。如:Bring me some water, please.
take拿走。如:Shall I take some flowers when I go and see her?
9.calculate, compute, estimate
calculate通常指用數學方法進行比較復雜,難度較大的精確計算。如:You can't expect a schoolboy to calculate distances in astronomy.
compute常指比較簡單的運算。如:It was computed that two thirds of the students in the class passed the examination.
estimate估計,常指對數量、成本等事先進行判斷或估計。如:Some farmers asked the weatherman to estimate next year's rainfall.
10.cheat, deceive, trick
cheat欺騙,常用詞,主要指為了自己的利益欺騙人。
deceive表示隱瞞真相或以假相騙人。如:The boy deceived the teacher by lying.
trick哄騙,表示耍手段進行欺騙,強調在行騙時使用計策,有時也指并非出于惡意的欺騙。如:Tom cleverly tricked his mother into approval.

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